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Are you ready for your first camping trip?

Getting ready for your first solo camping trip

Like most hobbies, camping can be tailored to just about anyone's preferences. If you're looking to rough it in the backwoods, you can set out with just your pack and a map and see where the path takes you. If you're looking for something a little more upscale, there are plenty of tents and campgrounds that will cater to your needs, as well. 

Similarly, the perfect camping trip for a lot of people involves a partner or group of friends or family to share the experience with. For others, the solo camping trip is the best way to be alone with your thoughts and with nature. Here are a few tips if you're thinking of setting off on a camping trip alone:

Go with a group first
While you may feel mentally prepared to spend a night or two out on your own in the woods, you may not have the skills needed if you've never been camping before. Avoid running before you can walk. Your first time camping should always be with a partner or a group – preferably with at least one person who has experience. This way, you can learn some tips and tricks about picking the right spot to set up camp, starting a fire, cooking food and staying safe. 

Take it easy
Your first solo camping trip shouldn't be the one where you finally tackle that difficult trail in the backwoods. Not only might it be potentially dangerous to risk getting in over your head or even losing your way, you may find that you don't enjoy all of the alone time. Stick with what you know at first, or even consider starting out with a day trip alone to get yourself used to striking it out on your own. Even if you're the kind of person who values alone time, spending an entire night on your own may be a bit much for you to handle. 

Consider your safety
While safety is always a concern when camping, it's important to be extra careful when you're by yourself. When it comes to spending a couple of nights outdoors, there are a few considerations to make to ensure you're safe:

  • Theft: If you set out on a hike for the day or take a quick run to the lake, you'll usually leave your tent and most of your possessions unattended. Whether you're in the middle of a busy campground with dozens of other campers nearby or in the middle of nowhere, you always risk a passerby wandering into your site and grabbing things that don't belong to him or her. Consider bringing along a portable safe. If you only have a few items of value – some cash, your mobile phone or a small firearm – a mini safe should be plenty of space. However, if you have a lot of expensive electronics, hunting gear or a solar panel charger, you may need something a bit bigger, especially if you drove up to the site. In that case, leave a larger lockbox in the vehicle.
  • Animals: When you're out camping, you're sharing the woods with countless animals both large and small. Depending on where you are in the country – or the world, for that matter – there are different dangerous creatures to worry about, from snakes to bears to alligators. The risk may be greater for solo campers, as groups tend to chat and make noise, while individuals aren't as likely to hold a conversation with themselves. If you're entering a new area, make your presence known by yelling or even singing. Avoid picking up large rocks, as snakes and dangerous insects may be making their home there. This is also a good time to mention that you should always let your friends or family members know when you're going camping, where you'll be and when they can expect you back. 
  • Health: You should always bring a first aid kit with you when you go camping, and this rule is especially true if you are by yourself. Make sure it is fully stocked and that nothing has expired – if you've had the same kit for the better part of the last decade, it may be time to review what you've got and add some fresh items. 
  • Stay alert: With a partner or a group, there are extra sets of eyes and ears to keep track of any potential hazards that may be heading your way. While you're on your own, it's all up to you. Make sure you check out your immediate surroundings by taking note of the closest trail or road, and be aware of any nearby facilities. If there is an emergency, it will be up to you to keep your head on straight and get yourself to safety.
What is the perfect tent for your next camping trip?

Picking the perfect tent

When you're planning a camping trip, there are few pieces of equipment more important than your tent. The right one can mean the difference between shivering all night and feeling warm and cozy. While a tent can be as simple as a couple of poles holding up a piece of tarp, technology has come a long way, and there are some products on the market that are fancier than a lot of houses. Whether you are looking for something simplistic or luxurious, here is a guide to picking out the perfect tent for your camping trip:

Size
One of the first decisions you'll have to make is determining what size your tent needs to be. This will depend on a few factors. First of all, how many people do you plan on fitting in your tent? Will you be doing most of your camping solo or do you tend to go with a partner or in large groups? Generally, tent manufacturers will mark their products by how many people will fit, though it's worth noting that these measurements tend to be a bit snug – a tent that says it sleeps one to two people is likely to fit two people and little else, which can be a problem when you consider the gear you may want to keep in the tent with you at night.

Weight
Another consideration to make when picking your tent is how much you want it to weigh. This is mainly a concern if you are planning on hiking a long way with your tent. On the other hand, if you are just going to drive up to the camp site, weight isn't a terribly pressing issue.

Tent shape
There are a few basic styles of tents, all with their own benefits and drawbacks:

  • Dome tent: This shape is most common, especially for backpackers who need to tote their gear from site to site throughout the course of the trip. One of their best features is that they are aerodynamic. While inexperienced campers may not think to look for this benefit, once you've spent the night in a tent during a storm, you'll be grateful for the feature. Dome tents are also reasonably simple to set up. When picking one out, the listed height indicates the highest point in the tent, and the walls slope sharply from there.
  • Cabin tent: Though a cabin tent is somewhat less aerodynamic than a dome tent, you'll get a lot more head room. The walls are nearly vertical which, coupled with the high ceilings, makes the tent feel quite roomy on the inside. These types of tents are best for established camp grounds or base camps where you will be leaving it set up for a few days at a time.
  • Hoop tent: Blending the benefits of the dome and cabin styles, the hoop tent's shape is both easy to set up, aerodynamic and maximizes interior space. They also tend to be quite compact and easy-to-pack.

Other considerations 
Even after you've settled on a general size and shape, there are plenty of other considerations to make. Here are a few factors you'll need to look into when buying your tent:

  • Security: Whether you're camping in the backwoods or a heavily populated campground, security should always be a concern. Make sure you pick a tent that can fit a mini safe or small lockbox where you can keep valuables like cash or your firearm.
  • Doors: If you're going to be in and out of your tent all day, it's important to have doors that are user-friendly. Generally, cabin tents are your best bet, as they often have multiple doors.
  • Ventilation: If you're planning on doing most of your camping in the summer or in a place that tends to get humid and muggy, ventilation is a major concern. Mesh panels come with most warm-weather tents. Look for larger ones to allow for cross-ventilation, which will help prevent condensation from building up. They will also offer more light to get into your tent and for you to see out more easily.
  • Rainflies: A rainfly is an additional tarp that is fitted over your tent to offer protection from the elements. A full-length rainfly will cover your tent almost completely and will offer almost total protection from the wind and rain. A partial rainfly, on the other hand, just covers the mesh panels at the top of your tent, which still allows some light and air through. Generally, partial rainflies are better for campground camping tents, while wilderness campers may want to invest in the full-length option.
  • Headroom: While all tents will have a "peak height" listed, not all tents are made the same. Though cabin-style tents have a relatively flat ceiling, domed tents slope down sharply. If you are tall or just prefer not to have to stoop over in your tent, consider getting a taller tent or one with a wide ceiling. 
Are you ready for your first camping trip?

Tips for preparing for your first camping trip

While camping is a great pastime once you get the hang of it, it can be intimidating to give it a try for the first time. There's a lot of equipment you'll have to buy, you may not know how much food you need or where the best spots are. Here are a few tips to make sure your first camping trip is a success:

Team up
One of the best ways to ensure you enjoy your first camping experience is to tag along with a more-experienced friend. That way, you can test run their equipment before deciding how large a tent you need or whether a sleeping pad is necessary. You'll also learn plenty of tips and tricks for your own trip. When you do get ready to plan your own expedition, plan on going with a buddy. Camping trips with a partner or small group are usually more fun than solo ones, plus you'll have a second person to help problem solve and improve the new-camper learning curve.

Do your research and be prepared
Don't just pick a spot at random and set off. Talk to experienced friends, read books and visit websites to find scenic campgrounds that lend themselves to beginners. It's also a good idea to choose a spot that isn't too far from civilization in case of an emergency. Don't forget to get ready for your trip physically. Walking a half-dozen miles lugging a heavy backpack when you're out of shape is going to be a challenge. At least a month before your trip, do some cardio training. If possible, go for a few practice hikes and bring the backpack you will use to get used to the weight. This will also give you a chance to break in your hiking boots if you bought new footwear for the trip – the last thing you want to deal with is blisters while you're hiking.

Make your purchases
There's no way around it – your first time camping is almost always your most expensive one. If you're building up your collection of gear from scratch, you'll have to drop a couple dollars on it. Here are some of the most important purchases you'll have to make before your trip:

  • Tent: One of the biggest purchases you'll make for camping, a tent is also among the most important. The size of your tent is going to largely depend on how many people are going to be sleeping in it, though personal preference is also a factor. There are some massive models that are closer to a small house than a pup tent. While you may not need a lot of trappings, make sure you find one that is big enough for the campers and their gear and will keep the weather and bugs out.
  • Sleeping bag: A lousy night's sleep is a sure-fire way to spoil any camping trip. Because of that, make sure you pick out a sleeping bag that is warm enough. If you're planning on doing most of your camping during the summer, you can pick up a sleeping bag that's rated for temperatures down to 20 or 30 degrees. If the weather is warmer, you can always unzip the bags to ventilate air. If you prefer, a sleeping pad is the best way to add extra cushioning as well as keep you farther away from the cold ground.
  • Food and drinks: Though you'll be camping, it's not expected that you'll be catching fish to fry up for dinner or foraging for berries in the woods. Instead, pick up some dehydrated meals – you'll just have to add boiling water and dinner is served. Granola bars, beef jerky and trail mix are all good snacks to keep with you as you hike. Bring along a fire starting kit so you can cook and keep warm at night. A filtering water bottle is also essential so you can stay hydrated.

Don't overpack
Sure, there are plenty of things you'll need to bring along on your trip. Tents, sleeping bags and food are all musts. However, avoid the temptation to overpack if you need to fit everything into your backpack. Of course, if you're driving up to your camping spot, feel free to go crazy with the fun extras. Try to keep your pack reasonably light – say, 30 pounds or so.

Security
Even if you feel like you're in the middle of nowhere, it's likely that there are people nearby, especially if you're at a popular camping spot. Because of this, it's important to keep security in mind. If you are bringing paperwork, cash, electronics, a firearm or other valuables with you, it's a good idea to invest in a small lockbox to keep it all safe. There are plenty of portable safes available that won't take up your entire backpack but are big enough to secure your valuables.

What kind of bag is right for you?

Picking your hiking backpack

Picking out a good hiking backpack should be as important as choosing your boots. The right one will fit comfortably and help you carry even the heaviest loads with relative ease by distributing weight evenly. A low-quality or ill-fitting backpack can give you back pains, may not fit everything you need and generally make your hike unpleasant. Here are a few tips to make sure you pick out the best backpack for your needs:

Consider what you are using the bag for
Sure, you're probably using your hiking backpack for, well, hiking. But really consider what kind of activities you'll be engaging in. Do you just need a light bag for water, snacks and a spare pair of socks while you go on short hikes? Will you be walking or running? Are you going to be on the trail for days at a time? Will you be on a scrambling trek or climbing rock faces? All of these will dictate the size and shape of the bag you pick for yourself.

Panel loader versus top loader
While this does depend, in part, on what activity you'll be engaging in, whether you want a front or top loading bag also largely depends on your preference. For example, if you're going to need to get gear or supplies out of your bag or you like to keep your belongings organized, a front load backpack may be up your alley. Because the zipper is U-shaped, the front panel completely opens up, which means you can have access to everything from the top to the bottom of your bag. On the other hand, top loaders have a little more flexibility in terms of space. Many come with an extendable top lid that gives you a bit more space, which is handy for climbers who need to bring a lot of gear that they'll end up using for the climb and don't want an over-large bag. 

Different types of backpacks
Once you have a good idea of what you are going to be using your backpack for, it's time to explore your options. Here are a few basic types of bags

  • Day pack: These are mostly standard backpacks, similar to those you might have used in school. If you're just planning on day trips, one of these should be more than enough for you. A bag that holds about 30 liters should be enough space, but also keep an eye out for one with side pockets and compartments, which can make organizing your gear easier.
  • Multi-day backpack: If you're going to be camping overnight, you'll want something a little bigger to carry the supplies you'll need. Generally, between 35 and 40 liters should be adequate. Though they are handy for all backpacks, you'll especially want a hip belt to distribute weight when you start looking at bigger bags. Keep security in mind, as well. If you're spending the night somewhere, you may need room for a portable safe for your valuables.
  • Hydration packs: These are bags especially designed to hold water. If you're a biker or will be using trekking poles, having a backpack that allows you to take a drink without using your hands will be convenient. That said, you may not need to buy a bag specially designed to hold water – many newer bags can hold a hydration reservoir. However, if you don't need much space, these specialty bags may be a good option. 

Pairing activities with the right bag
If you know you'll be engaging in a particular activity most of the time, here's a guide to pick up the best bag for you:

  • Climbing or scrambling: You'll need a fair amount of space to carry your climbing gear, so look for a bag that can hold at least 40 liters. Top load bags are great for this kind of equipment. The backpack should also have a narrow profile so it stays out of your way as you climb. Because climbing gear tends to be fairly heavy, look for a bag with a padded back and hip straps. You'll also need some specialized features, like an ice ax loop and a daisy chain.
  • Trail running: Picking a small, narrow bag is the best way to keep it from bouncing all over the place. Hydration packs tend to be a good choice, as they are just enough to carry water and a couple other essentials without weighing you down. Consider a lumbar or waist pack, as keeping your back clear may be more comfortable. 
  • Skiing: There are specially made bags for ski touring that allow you to attach your skis for easy transport. Look for one with a narrow profile along with sternum and hip straps.

There are also a few other considerations you may want to make. For example, there are bags especially designed for women, as they feature more contoured shoulder straps and a narrower design. Messenger bags are also popular among cyclists. 

There's a lot to see in Yellowstone  - are you ready for your trip?

Planning your trip to Yellowstone National Park

More than 200 years ago, Yellowstone National Park became the first national park in the U.S. While there are now more than 50 others across the country, Yellowstone still stands as one of the most iconic landmarks in North America. Whether you are planning to go see the park as a college student, a parent with your young family or as a retiree, there is plenty to see and do during your trip. Because the park is so massive – nearly 3,500 square miles stretching across Montana, Wyoming and Idaho – it would take you months or years to see everything Yellowstone has to offer. Because it's unlikely you have that kind of time to spend, here are a few tips that will help you get the most out of your trip:

Make a plan
Yellowstone is not the kind of place that lends itself to you simply showing up and seeing what happens. First of all, it's hard to overstate how truly huge the park is and how many options it provides. Whether you are planning on going on a guided tour or striking it out on your own, you need to know where you have to be at, what time and how to get there. If you do decide you want to do a guided tour or, really, just about anything short of driving or hiking around, it's likely you'll need to make a reservation. Tours, hotels and even camp grounds require you to call ahead to hold your spot, and they often sell out months in advance.

Get out of your car
Two of the biggest mistakes made by tourists are not dedicating enough time for your trip and just driving around the park. Even if you're not an avid outdoorsman, there are hundreds of places you can only access on foot, so bring along your hiking boots. It's also worth nothing that if you do leave your car in a lot while you are out enjoying the wilderness, you need to keep security in mind. Bringing along a lockbox or mini safe is one of the best ways to keep important belongings like cash, paperwork, electronics or firearms safe.

Leave the beaten path
One of the biggest draws of Yellowstone is the wildlife, and for good reason. There are more than 400 species that can be found in the park, from bison to grizzly bears. While it would be difficult to get through a trip at Yellowstone without spotting a single four-legged resident, you'll have to get off the roads for the best wildlife spotting.

Use caution around the wildlife
Always remember that you are not in a zoo. If you see a grizzly bear, don't forget that it is actually an extremely deadly predator, not a pet or an ornament for you to admire. Keep at least 100 meters away from potentially dangerous animals like bear, bison, wolves and moose. That said, there are plenty less-dangerous animals you will likely spot, depending on where you are in the park. There are more than 30,000 elk, so it's likely you'll spot them from your car. Bighorn sheep, bison and moose are also reasonably easy to find, as are birds like trumpeter swans, pelicans and sandhill cranes. If you're lucky, you may also see foxes, otters, coyotes and marmots. Big cats like lynx and mountain lions are present, but notoriously difficult to spot. 

Avoid the camping crowds
Camping is an extremely popular activity for many Yellowstone visitors, which means designated camp grounds also tend to be fairly crowded. If you're looking to avoid the crowds, you have a few options. You can apply for a backcountry permit and strike out on your own or you can simply camp outside the park. Though the park is massive, the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem is even larger – there are plenty of campgrounds outside of the official borders that will give you the experience without the crowds. 

Be prepared
As with any kind of outdoor activity, preparation is key. Bear in mind that most of the park is more than 7,000 feet above sea level. At that elevation, weather can change at the snap of a finger, so you have got to be ready for virtually any weather. Remember, snow in the middle of summer is not out of the question. Must-haves include rain gear, sturdy boots, hats and gloves. Remember to bring along plenty of water, food and sunblock, as well, especially if you're planning on hiking. 

Shake up your trip
Not only is Yellowstone park enormous, but it is extraordinarily diverse. While you can find iconic landmarks like Old Faithful in the southern region, a trip to the northern region will lead you to Yellowstone Caldera, the largest supervolcano in North America. In the southeast section is Yellowstone Lake, the largest high-altitude late in the continent. Limiting yourself to one area of the park will result in you missing out on some of these natural wonders.

Are you ready to hit the trails this spring?

Easy and moderate hikes near Denver

After a particularly harsh winter, the weather is finally warming up, which is leaving plenty of hikers itching to hit the trails. If you are a Denver resident, you're surrounded by some of the best hiking in the country. Whether you're a rookie ready to break in your new boots or a veteran hiker looking for a new trail to explore, here are a few can't-miss hiking trails near Denver. But first, a few tips for first-time hikers:

Maybe make this bulleted too, sentences are bit choppy

  • Start slow, especially if you haven't been keeping up with your physical conditioning.
  • New boots should be broken in before hitting the trail – there are few things worse than a pleasant hike being spoiled by blisters.
  • Always pack plenty of water for you, your family and any four-legged friends that are joining you.
  • If you aren't sure how long you will be out, toss a couple of granola or protein bars in your backpack, as well.
  • Sunscreen is always a good idea, along with sunglasses and a hat if it's going to be particularly sunny.
  • Most hikers drive out to the trailhead and set out from that point, leaving their cars in the lot. Make sure you are careful about any possessions you've left behind in your car – brining along a lockbox is the best way to protect your valuables in the case of a break-in.

Easy trails
Fording rivers or tackling sheer rock faces isn't for everyone. If you're looking for a trail that won't get your heart pumping too hard or that you can bring your whole family along on, check out some of these easy trails: 

  • South Boulder Creek Trail: One of the shortest trails on this list, South Boulder Creek Trail is extremely popular with hikers of all ages. Stretching 3.2 miles just over 20 miles outside Denver, this trail is great for spotting wildlife, including deer, coyote, birds and even the occasional mountain lion. Dogs are welcome on the north half of the trail, though watch out for the cows that dot the landscape and be sure to close all gates behind you.
  • Green Mountain Open Space: Just under 10 miles to the west of Denver, you can find Green Mountain Open Space, another trail that's on the easy side. There are a few trails you can choose in this area, so stick to a distance that you're comfortable with. Either ride or hike this trail that can have altitude gains of thousands of feet. The wide, flat paths make this trail great for families and pets – though dogs must be leashed at all times – and, as a bonus, you are treated to a great view of the city. Be sure to bring a map and keep a close eye on signs, as the winding trails can get a bit confusing.
  • Spruce Mountain Trail Loop: On the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, east of the Rampart Range section is the Spruce Mountain Trail Loop. You'll have to drive a bit farther out of Denver – about 40 miles, just north of Palmer Park, Colo. – to find this 5-mile trail. Your whole family will enjoy this trail, especially during the spring and summer, when they can find wild flowers all along the path. However, make sure to keep an eye on little ones – though the paths are flat enough, there are a few places with sheer drop-offs.

Moderate trails
If you're ready to put those hiking boots to the test, give a couple of these moderate trails a try:

  • Meyer Ranch: A bit over 15 miles west of Denver, you can find the Meyer Ranch trail in Jefferson County. You can pick your own trails, so make your hike is as long or short as you want. If you're looking to make an afternoon of your hike, you can find a picnic area about a half-mile away from the parking lot up the Owl's Perch Trail. If you find yourself in the area in the winter, there are plenty of sledding opportunities, as well.
  • Heil Ranch: There are no shortage of of activities on this trail – from hiking to mountain biking to horseback riding. Located just over 30 miles outside of Denver near beautiful Boulder, Colo., this trail has a lot to offer, no matter how you tackle it. The steep inclines are punctuated by flatter areas that will let you catch your breath, whether you're on foot or bike. Because the trails have been well tended, there are few ruts caused by erosion. 
  • Apex Park – Enchanted Forest Loop: At a little over 5 1/2 miles, this particular route at Golden, Colo.'s Apex Park is one of the least-used trails in the area, giving you a little extra room to stretch your legs. While you're hiking, keep the historical importance of the area in mind – it was one of the main routes that potential gold miners took to Central City.
Are you ready for your first off-road adventure?

Tips for first-time off-road drivers

As the snow is finally starting to melt and temperatures are slowly climbing out of the sub-freezing range, many of us are looking forward to pulling our vehicles out of storage and hitting the roads. Or, more specifically, hitting the off-road. While there's certainly no rule against off-roading through the snow and ice, the warmer months offer a little more freedom and, as an added bonus, no wading through snow if you find yourself in need of a push or tow. 

Though a fair amount of cars on the road have 4×4 capabilities, only a fair few get to actually take that off-road. If you're gearing up to do some off-road driving this spring for the first time, here are a few tips to get you started:

Safety first
It's hard to overstate how important safety is to off-road driving. Before taking off, make sure your car is in good condition. Check the engine – be sure the hoses aren't cracked, that all battery ports are properly connected and that you're not low on any fluids.

Aside from  the engine, the wheels are the most important part of your off-roading vehicle. Check that the tires don't need to be replaced. The simplest way to do this is to measure the depth of the tread, which should be at least 1/16 of an inch. You can check it without breaking out your ruler – just put a penny with Lincoln's head down into a couple treads in different parts of the tire. If you can see the top of the Great Emancipator's head, it's time for new tires.

But tire safety doesn't stop with making sure they're not bald. Inflating them to the manufacturer's specifications is the best way to get solid grip on most surfaces – with the notable exception of sand – and to prevent a blowout. Keep a tire gauge with you and check the pressure frequently, preferably before you drive the vehicle and the tires are cool.

There are also a handful of things you should always have before you set out off-roading. Keep a cell phone with you at all times, and be sure it's either fully charged or have a car charger on hand. Even if you're going somewhere without great reception, it's useful to have one in an emergency. If your phone doesn't have one, invest in some sort of GPS navigation system. Not only will it make finding where you're going easier, but if you happen to get stuck and need help, it will be helpful to know your coordinates. Be sure to keep a first-aid kit on hand, as well.

Though Jeep parts and accessories, along with other vehicles designed for off-roading, usually include a full-sized spare, pick one up if your truck doesn't have one. And, just as you need to take care of the tires you're driving on, be sure the spare doesn't have holes or a worn-down tread. 

A jack, tow rope, vehicle-mounted winch and shovel are also good things to have on hand in case you or a buddy run into problems.

Get comfortable
If you're a rookie off-road driver, you may have visions of powering up hills or fording rivers at high speeds, but keep in mind that a huge majority of off-roading is done quite slowly – think less than 5 miles per hour. 

Before you tackle anything crazy, start easy. While driving on gravely trails or dry dirt may not feel as adventurous as you were initially hoping for, it's an important first step. Accelerating, turning and breaking on loose gravel or dirt is extremely different than on pavement, and it's important to get a feel for your vehicle before taking it on more difficult terrain. Look for nearby state parks that have trails designed for vehicle travel to start on. 

Driving tips
Once you get going, here are a few tips for your first few off-roading adventure:

  • Down-shifting: In general, the lower gears are your best friends when off-roading. First or second gear will give you more power to help you get traction.
  • Momentum: If you're on terrain that has poor traction, your best bet is to keep moving and use the momentum of your truck to get through the rough patch. Once you stop, you may find you have trouble gaining traction to get going again.
  • Throttle: Using the accelerator is more of an art than a science. Too much power, and you risk going out of control, though too little will obviously mean you aren't going to get where you need to go. Practice makes perfect, so put your hours in to get accelerating right.
  • Stay on designated trails: Even if you're feeling particularly adventurous, always stay on paths and avoid adventuring out into uncharted territory. Not only can this be dangerous, but you risk doing damage to the area or getting kicked out of the park.
Get ready to plan your visit to one of the most beautiful places in North America.

Planning your trip to Glacier National Park

One of the jewels of North America, Glacier National Park has been stunning travelers from all over the world for generations. It was made an official part of the U.S. national park system in 1910 and spreads out across more than a million acres of land in northwest Montana. From the 50-mile Going-to-the-Sun Road to the nearly 750 miles of hiking trails it offers, there is no shortage of things to do and places to see at Glacier. 

In the early 1890s, Scottish naturalist and advocate of wildlife preservation John Muir, visited the park and was quite taken with it, to say the least. 

"Give a month at least to this precious reserve," he said in his 1901 collection of essays, Our National Park. "The time will not be taken from the sum of your life. Instead of shortening, it will indefinitely lengthen it and make you truly immortal. Nevermore will time seem short or long, and cares will never again fall heavily on you, but gently and kindly as gifts from heaven."

If you are planning your trip to what the Native Americans called "The Backbone of the World," here are a few steps you take to get the most out of your adventure:

Make a plan…
Glacier National Park is massive, which means it's unlikely you'll be able to see everything, so make sure you do plenty of research beforehand to fit in everything that is important to you. Whether you are a first-time hiker looking to get your feet wet, so to speak, in the park or a seasoned veteran, you can find hiking trails that will suit your skill level. If you are a bit wet behind the ears when it comes to hiking, be sure to do some physical conditioning before your trip. Glacier's high elevation means the air is thinner, making activity a bit more taxing on your body. While you're planning your trip, consider what you want to get out of it. Do you want to admire the flora and fauna? Look for trails that have lots of wildflowers and wildlife. Are you a shutterbug? There are no shortages of photogenic spots in the park, though there are definitely a few spots you don't want to miss – but more on that later. Glacier is a huge park with a lot to offer, so it's essential that you go in with a game plan.

…But be flexible
You know what they say about best laid plans, and there are plenty of factors out of your control at Glacier. Your first trip once you arrive at the park should be to stop at the visitor center. There, you'll find out if you have to shift your plans around slightly to accommodate for incoming weather, construction or other issues that may close down trails and roads temporarily. One of the largest draws, the Going-to-the-Sun Road, is frequently under construction, which may impede your progress into the park, so give yourself more time than you expect to get to trail heads. 

Consider the weather
Because Glacier National Park is so high – the highest point of Going-to-the-Sun road stands at 6,646 feet above sea level – you can usually depend on it being between 10 and 15 degrees colder in the park than in the surrounding areas and can vary widely during a single day. Summer temperatures can pass 90 degrees during the day, then plummet as low as 20 degrees at night. Because of this, be sure to dress in light layers so you can add or shed clothing as the weather dictates.

Must-see spots
While there is plenty to see in Glacier National Park, here are a few of the most popular spots:

  • Going-to-the-Sun Road: This road is one of the main arteries of the park, traveling over the Continental Divide. It will take you past dozens of hiking spots and photo opportunities, though the drive alone is worth the trip.
  • St. Mary Lake: An incredibly photogenic spot, St. Mary Lake and its Wild Goose Island stand as the eastern gateway to the park.
  • Logan Pass: The highest point on Going-to-the-Sun Road, Logan Pass will offer incredible views in all directions. If you're looking for wildlife, you'll find it here – mountain goats can be found all over in this high-elevation section of the park.
  • Highline Loop: Experienced – and fit – hikers at Logan Pass may want to give this difficult-but-rewarding trail a try. Considered a must-see trail for hikers all over the world, this trail will reach elevations well past 7,200 feet and show you some of the world's most beautiful views.

Security
As with any trip, security is paramount. Most visitors park their cars at trailheads and set off on their hikes, leaving their valuables vulnerable to break-ins. If you have a pickup, be sure to bring a truck bed box with a secure lock. Small valuables should be kept in lock boxes

Are you ready to hike the Appalachian Trail?

Tips for hiking the Appalachian Trail

For serious hikers, tackling the Appalachian Trail is the great white whale. Stretching more than 2,000 miles from Maine to Georgia, it was developed nearly a century ago by Benton MacKaye, who had visions of a path that stretched from New England to the southern Appalachian Mountains. 

Today, the Appalachian Trail is a part of the national park system and visited by thousands of people each year. Some visit for a short day-hike, some go for trips that last several days and some – called thru-hikers – attempt to travel the entire trail in one continuous stretch. Those who complete the journey, which generally takes between five and seven months, are known as "2,000 milers." Fewer than 15,000 are a part of this prestigious group. If you are taking aim to become a 2,000 miler, or just spend a few hours exploring a section of the trail, here are a few tips to make sure you have a safe and enjoyable experience:

Where and when to start
If you are planning a thru-hike, or just a hike that lasts a week or two, the decisions of when and where to start should be made together. For example, if you're heading out during the dog days of summer, it's probably a good idea to plan your hike a bit further north, whereas for an early spring or late fall trip, consider staying closer to Georgia to take advantage of the warmer weather. There are other considerations, as well. For example, Baxter State Park in Maine closes in mid-October, so if you're starting at the south end, make sure you time your trip to get there by then.

Where to stay
Because the Appalachian Trail was designed for hikers, there are shelters and tent sites set up along the way. The vast majority of hikers who are planning on spending several days on the trail bring their own tents. While you can use the provided shelters – they are strategically placed to be about a day's hike apart – it also gives you the flexibility to take it easy one day and find a campsite of your own.

Getting supplies
If you're going to be on the trail for more than a couple of days, it's likely you'll need to restock your food or water. You've got a few options here. If you're planning on taking a long hike, you may use mail drops. Just send yourself packages to points along the way that will keep you well-stocked until the next mail drop. There are also plenty of towns – the trail crosses roads once every four miles on average – so you can usually find a store if needed. Remember that the Appalachian Trail will take you through some pretty small towns, so you may have trouble shopping at night.

Staying safe
Every rule that applies to hiking safety should be remembered when tackling the Appalachian Trail. This means dressing appropriately for the weather you will likely encounter, eating regularly and drinking plenty of water. While you should keep a cell phone with you, remember that service along the trail will be spotty at best in places, so have a contingency plan ready for emergencies. Keep a whistle or flashlight with you at all times. In case of an emergency, three short calls repeated at regular intervals is the standard distress signal. This can mean blowing your whistle, shouting, flashing your light or even smoke puffs. If you hear such a signal, two short calls means you heard them and are coming to help.

If you are alone and hurt, it's important not to panic. Because the trail is relatively well-traveled, there is a good chance someone will come along before too long. Make sure you always have a map, understand how to use it and are aware of your location, so if your phone does work, you can describe your location and get help sent as quickly as possible.

Always stay aware of where you are heading, and let someone know what your plans are each day. It's rarely a good idea to hike alone, or even with a single partner or dog. Groups of three or more are the best way for everyone to stay safe. 

Currently, it is legal to carry a handgun on National Park Service land. If you chose to do so – or for any other valuables, electronics or important paperwork you may be carrying with you – consider bringing along a portable safe to ensure your belongings are secure at all times.

Most importantly, do plenty of research before setting out. There are lots of stops along the way that hikers before you have found and shared in books or on blogs. Using the experience of those before you will ensure you have a great trip, whether you're hiking 2 miles or 2,000.

Do you have a place to keep your gun safe?

Considerations when choosing a gun safe

If you are a gun owner, there are few things as important as safety. Aside from keeping yourself and those around you safe from injury by following the local laws, rules and regulations, it's also essential that you keep your firearm secured when it is not in use. One of the best ways to do this is by keeping a handgun lockbox or safe in your home, vehicle or wherever you store your firearm. However, not all firearms are created equal. Here are some tips for picking out the best and most secure gun safe for you:

Buy the correct size for your needs
If you only own 9mm pocket pistol, it's unnecessary to own a safe the size of a medium-sized car when a smaller portable safe will do the trick. On the other hand, if you own a small arsenal, you'll need something large enough to store everything securely. There are a few extra considerations you should make when picking out the size of your new safe. Think about both where you're going to put it and whether you expect your collection to grow in the near future. If you have an entire section of your basement dedicated to your firearms and plan to purchase additional guns in the future, go ahead and pick something out that's a bit bigger than you need right now and fill it up as you pick up more.

Consider different locks
Depending on who is in your house and how concerned you are about someone trying to access your firearms, you may need a heavy-duty lock or just a basic one. If there has been a string of thefts in your area or you are concerned about break-ins, there are much more advanced options, including fingerprint scanners and other digital locks. Because these can get expensive in a hurry, in most cases, a safe with both a combination and key should do the trick.

Look at steel thickness and fire resistance
No matter how sophisticated your lock is, it won't do  you any good if the steel of the body or the door is not strong enough. Avoid any metal that can bend easily, especially doors that aren't sturdy, as they can easily render the lock ineffective. Make sure the hinges of the door are on the inside so they cannot be tampered with. Aside from keeping others away from  your guns, your safe should also serve to protect your firearms from fire and water in the case of an emergency. When picking out a safe, look for one that can stand temperatures well over 1,000 degrees – which is how hot your house will get if it's on fire – for at least a half-hour. Similarly, your safe should be water resistant in the case of a flood.